The objective of this study was to assess the drought risk management in the region under study. The SPI method was adopted for drought monitoring in Hamadan Province, Iran. The temporal and spatial extent of the area vulnerable to drought was delineated using AEZ model, GIS and other softwares. Five zones were recognized based on the drought severity index. Selection of compatible crops with respect to climate and land production capability of a region specially in drought condition is one of the effective elements to increase the water productivity in agriculture, based on Agro-ecological Zoning (AEZ) model, developed by FAO, suitable spatial extension of wheat cultivation, which is the main crop in Hamadan Province, were delineated. According to this study the most suitable lands potentially available for wheat production are located in the north-east region and a part of the central region, where as, least suitable ones can be observed in the north-east and the south-east regions. The results of the risk analysis study show that south-east, north and central regions are susceptible to longest duration intense droughts where as long duration droughts are intensive in north, west and south-east regions. The overlaid and integrated maps of risks with the maps obtained after applying the AEZ model resulted into the map of spatial suitability of potential crop production for each class of risk (longest duration and most intensive durations). This enables the decision makers to define spatial priority of crop cultivation and manage various potential regions susceptible to drought risks.
AGRICULTURAL INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTIMPERATIVE FOR SUSTAINABLE FOOD PRODUCTION: A ZIMBABWEAN PERSPECTIVE
The agricultural sector in Zimbabwe is a critical sector in terms of economic growth and development. However the sector has been experiencing some setbacks in recent years. This paper sought to examine the effects of infrastructure development in the agricultural sector on sustainable food production. Through questionnaires, observations and focus group discussions, information was gathered from the Zimuto district in Masvingo Province. The data collected was analyzed through both qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques. The research revealed that there is an unpleasant state of infrastructure in the resettled farms. The fast track land reform programme implemented by the Zimbabwean government had a negative impact on farms infrastructure and equipment. An investment in infrastructure is thus required to ensure that there is agricultural productivity. In line with existing literature the challenges that farmers face can be rectified by infrastructure development. A multi sectorial participation in infrastructure development is required.
APPROACHES FOR JUSTIFICATION STRATEGY TECHNICAL MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE GIVEN THE CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND RESOURCE PROVISION SUBJECTS OF THE FEDERATION
The article presents the author developed and tested methodical approaches to the justification of the strategic directions of technical modernization of regional agriculture. Given the rationale for the structural analysis of the existing fleet of vehicles on the statistical data and the results of a questionnaire study. For the purpose of grouping features of the technical equipment in the region prompted the use of a SWOT analysis. To increase the availability of small farms to modern techniques and technologies proposed to create a machine-technological station in the form of a consumer cooperative.