AWARENESS OF SCIENTIFIC DAIRY FARMING WITH LOW COST FEED STORAGE TECHNOLOGY FOR LIVELIHOOD DEVELOPMENT OF SMALLHOLDER RURAL FARMERS IN SIKKIM STATE OF INDIA
Nath B.G., Pathak P.K., Mohanty A.K.
Scientific dairy farming with low cost feed storage technology was desired by the rural farmers of Sikkim to improve their livelihood status. Indian Council of Agricultural research (ICAR) Sikkim Centre, disseminated the technology through participatory approaches and use of trainers from the communities. Farmers were encouraged to rear high lactating crossbred dairy cows like Jersey cross or Holstein Friesian (HF) cross and managed locally available feed with minuscule commercial feed. Low cost feed storage technology was introduced in the state to minimize the feed scarcity during winter season. Awareness of farmers was undertaken by arranging training programmes in collaboration with Govt and Non Govt Organizations (NGOs), distribution of leaflets, pamphlet, technical bulletins and the communication channels like AIR, Television, news papers, farm journals, farm magazines etc. The average income from a Jersey cross dairy cow was recorded as US$169.17 for the first year and US$587.92 for the second year. ICAR maintained close functional, collaborative and coordinative linkages with various development departments and financing institutions for launching various programmes effectively to create long-term sustainability.
CONTENT OF VITAMINS-ANTIOXIDANTS IN THE HIGH-YIELDING COWS ORGANISM AT THE COMBINED USAGE OF NETTLE AND LECITHIN
Bondarenko E.V., Yarovan N.I.
Positive influence of combined usage of nettle and lecithin in high-yielding cow organism is demonstrated in the conditions of agro-industrial complex. Feeding with nettle and lecithin resulted in normalization of the indicators of the 2 nd line of antioxidant protection, consisting in increase of vitamins Е, С, beta-carotene correspondingly, in comparison with test animals.
THE EFFICIENCY OF USING COMMON THYME (THYMUS VULGARIS) FOR THE CORRECTION OF BIOCHEMICAL STATUS OF HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE COWS UNDER THE TRANSPORT STRESS
The article under review deals with the positive effect of common thyme and its complex with Khotynetskiy zeolites on biochemical blood parameters in highly productive cows after transportation in the conditions of an industrial complex. On the 28-th day of the experiment their integrated use showed the normalization of biochemicalblood serum parameters: CP activity increaseby 27.5%, the glucose content by 12.3%, total protein by 7%, the MDA level decrease by 42%, the urea concentration by 8.0%, creatinine by 10.6% , cholesterol by 13.6%, triglycerides by 30.6%, ALT activity by 18.8%, ASTby 14.4% , LDH by 8.9% CK by 11.4%, ALP-AMP by 11.2%, GT by 19,3%.
EFFICIENCY OF USAGE OF DIFFERENT LIGHTING PROGRAMS IN BROILER POULTRY
Buyarov V.S., Balashov V.V.
In the course of scientific experiments the influence of investigated programs of lighting on zootechnical indicators of broiler growing and carcass traits was defined. The lighting program for batch chickens growing was used. It is quite different at fattening of big broilers. It is proved that the lighting program influences on viability and productive qualities of broilers of cross «Ross-308». The developed lighting programs usage at broiler chickens growing in poultry farm conditions provided the increase of economic efficiency, the increase of poultry meat production profitability by 2,96% - at growing big broilers and by 1,61% - at batch chickens fattening.
INFLUENCE OF THE ANTIOXIDANT BIO-20 ON THE MILK PRODUCING ABILITY AND QUALITY INDICATORS OF MILK
Masalov V.N., Mikheyeva E.A., Arbuzov I.N.
The article presents the results of application of the antioxidant BIO-20 for the purpose of improvement of the milk producing ability and quality of milk. This preparation helps to minimize negative consequences of stresses. Unfortunately, the major part of the researches is carried out in medicine, and only a small part of the scientific achievements of biologists is used in animal husbandry.
AGE FLUCTUATIONS of the Musculation of bull-calves SIMMENTAL BREED and its crosses WITH meat SIMMENTAL and CHAROLIAS
Ertuev M.M., Prokhorov I.P., Pikul A.N.
Materials on learning of a growth form and developing of separate muscles, a muscular tissue various anatomical ranges and the hulk as a whole buttresses of Simmental breed and its crosses with meat Simmental and charolias are given.
RESEARCH OF INFLUENCE OF ANTIOXIDANTS AND MEDICATIONS OF NATURAL ORIGIN ON FATTENING QUALITIES OF PIGS
Dedkova A.I., Sergeeva N.N., Khimicheva S.N.
The problem of widely spread different stress types requires active search for solutions on preventive measures of negative effects of general adaptation syndrome. The application of pharmacological agents allowing limiting redundant stress-reaction is perspective. It is established that the application of antioxidant drugs and medications of natural origin has positive effect on intensity of growth and fattening qualities and safety of pigs.
Plants extracts - on the service of production eco-friendly poultry products
Feofilova J.B., Nesteruk N.V.
Plants extracts contain many biologically active compounds, mainly polyphenolics, which possess antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiparasitic, antiprotozoal, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties. Currently, they are relevant in nutrition for poultry because they are natural, eco-friendly and generally recognized as safe products. Therefore, aromatic plants and their extracts have the potential to become new generation substances for animal nutrition and health. The purpose of this review is to prove that plants extracts are on the service of production eco-friendly poultry products.
PREMIXES IN THE FEEDING OF BROILER CHICKENS
Nikolayev S.I., Struk V.N., Karapetyan A.K., Struk N.V., Lipova E.A., Khalikov A.R., Krotova O.E.
The article presents data reflecting the content of the different classes of antibodies in the mucosa of the duodenum 12 lambs early. In the mucosa of the duodenum of adult sheep and lambs early childhood (1-60 days) content and accumulation of immunoglobulin’s vary, indicating different levels of security and functionality of the structures of the preventable biotope of the digestive system of the lambs during early ontogenesis.
MEAT QUALITY FINISHING PIGS OF CANADIAN SELECTION
Lyashuk R.N., Novikova S.P., Khoreva O.P.
The article presents the results of the research of meat productivity of the purebred (Yorkshire, Landrace and Duroc) and hybrid (Yorkshire х Landrace and the Yorkshire х Landrace х Duroc) pigs the Canadian selection, grown in the LLC «Ozersky pig farm» of the Tula region. The controlling slaughter of the experimental pigs has been produced for the evaluation of meat qualities. According to the results of the slaughter main indicators of meat productivity of pigs were evaluated: the slaughter weight, slaughter yield, longissimus dorsi muscle area, the length of the carcass, the thickness of the fat. Analysis of data obtained in the evaluation of pig meat productivity of different genotypes Canadian selection, allowed to identify genotypes that possess the most desirable meat qualities.
PARTICULATIES OF CALVE'S MINERAL NUTRION IN ASSOCIATION WITH AGE AND CONDITIONS OF NUTRITION
Levicheva E.V., Kozlov A.S.
Studying was carried of features of mineral's nutrition on calves Black Pied cattle from birth to 6 month of age in association with age and nutrition's conditions. The digestion's processes, processes of metabolism and intensity of growth were studied at various levels of the mineral nutrition. On the basis of pilot studies are established macro - and the micronutrients, the content of which in usual feeds of diets of calves is not enough for animals. Supplement of deficiency macro - and micronutrients in diets of calves allows to increase the degree of use of nutrient and bioactive substances and to increase intensity of growth of animals to planned index of growth.
On the Influence of high temperature of environment and solar radiation on physiological functions of animals with different ecogenesis
Stepanov D.V., Rodina N.D., Mamaev A.V., Stepanova S.S.
In order to point out differences in adaptive ability of the animals born in the conditions of subtropical climate and imported from the arias of moderate climate both kinds were simultaneously exposed to high ambient temperature and solar radiation. The analysis of materials of experiments on studying of influence of high temperature of the environment and solar radiation on the animals born in the conditions of subtropical climate and imported from the European part at young age, showed that they, is generally similar react to influence of extreme conditions of the environment. The carried-out researches showed that the smallest differences (generally on body temperature and frequency of respiration) were observed in the first year of adaptation of the delivered animals.
WAY OF STIMULATION REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTIONS OF MINKS
Razyapova L., Balakirev N.A.
The use of bio-stimulator nukleopeptid, improves the fertility of females, males covered stimulated biological product by 4.5%, and the output register to whelp puppies female is 8.8% more than in the control group. Females’ fertility receiving the drug, increased by 18.5%, a decrease of disadvantaged whelping, pro-empty percentage of 6.7%, compared with the control group.
THE SELECTION OF A SWAB SAMPLES FROM THE SURFACE OF THE LIVESTOCK BUILDINGS
Timohin O.V., Sahno N.V., Skrebnev S.A., Skrebnevа E.N.
The article presents the results of the use of the developed plate-template for the selection of samples from the surface of cattle-breeding premises with the purpose of definition of bacterial infestation. Use of the proposed plate - template for the selection of samples - samples from the surface allows to exclude unintentional offset plates - template on the chosen site, the deletion of non-productive costs of working time, save material for the manufacture of plate pattern provide comfort at work and reduce tensions regime of the researcher's work, reduce the time spent on the selection of samples, expand the possibility of applying the template to different surfaces, eliminating the need for repeated research, enhance the accuracy of the results of the study.
DEFINITION OF THE OPTIMAL PARAMETERS OF SUPERSONIC EXTRACTION AT STACHYS NODULES EXTRACTION
Zakharova L.M., Dyatlov A.V.
The researches allowed determination of the extractives amount in stachys nodules and motivation of optimal parameters of supersonic extraction at obtaining extracts on water basis from stachys nodules.
SUBJECTS AND OBJECTS OF REGULATION OF SOCIO-LABOR RELATIONS IN THE CONDITIONS OF A MODERN ECONOMIC SYSTEM
In the article, the position of the regulation of socio-labor relations, shows actual expediency of formation in the modern conditions of economic system of skilled labor. This need is equally a need for a greater part of the world community countries, including Russia. Natural for the labour market has also become migration in Russia, mainly in CIS countries. The national labour market is also not resolved migration processes and contradictory tendencies at the manifestations of socio-labor relations.