Minimart is a modern store similar to convenience store. In urban areas in Indonesia, it is hard to find a location without a minimart. The proliferation of minimart in urban areas feared would displace the traditional shop. The study aims to measure the economic impact of the minimart on the traditional shop in Malang. 172 traditional shops scattered in Malang was purposively chosen in this study; 86 shops located near to the minimart, and 86 shops located away from the minimart. Using difference-in-difference estimation, the simple model reveals that the drop in revenue (-125,116.28 IDR) was not significant; on the other hands, the drop in profit (-25,193.02 IDR) was significant. The econometric model shows that the minimart gives the negative impact on both revenue (-2.7%) and profit (5.5%). However, the impact was not significant. Furthermore, the interview reveals that the declining in revenue and profit was caused by the loss in the number of buyers. The decline in revenue and profit has happened due to many emerging new traditional shop. The new traditional shops come up with several innovations to attract the buyers. The presence of the new traditional shop has forced the existing traditional shops to take action to survive. The four actions that most traditional shops did were: diversify products, better display, adding new brands and lower the prices.
STATE SUPPORT FOR UPDATING OF MATERIAL BASE OF AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS
Stavchev A.N., Miroshnikov G.A.
Level of providing agricultural producers of Republic of Belarus by modern agricultural machinery is shown in article and the state support of updating of material base of agrarian and industrial complex is in detail described. The short characteristic of the State program of a sustainable development of the village for 2011-2015 is given and the comparative analysis of conditions of the state and commercial leasing of agricultural machinery for the agricultural organizations, and also conditions of the state leasing is carried out.
PROSPECTS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNICAL BASE OF AGRICULTURE OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC IN THE CONDITIONS OF EEU MEMBERSHIP
The paper paid attention to the instrument of accession of the Kyrgyz Republic to the Eurasian Economic Union, as well as the ratio of the volume of agricultural production of the republic to the total volume of agricultural production in 2013 members of the Eurasian Economic Union five countries. A brief description of the agricultural production of the republic and the performance of its technical equipment. The data on the leasing of agricultural machinery, and used in the Kyrgyz Republic measures to improve the quality of service and technical services for the agriculture and technical and technological renewal of agricultural production.
FEATURES OF FORMATION OF MATERIAL BASE OF AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
This article reveals the basic problems of the state and development of technical and technological equipment of Agriculture of Kazakhstan, as well as ways of their decisions based on the analysis of park of agricultural machinery by type and duration of its use in agricultural organizations of the region. In addition, attention is paid to wear equipment depreciation and problems of modernization in agriculture, which, together with measures of state support through the implementation of the programs will improve the conduct of expanded reproduction in the agricultural organizations, as well as a systematic approach to building gross production in the agricultural sector.
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SURVEY OF AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS’ EXECUTIVES OF THE OREL REGION ON PRODUCTION’S RESOURCE SUPPORT
Polukhin A.A., Stavchev A.N., Belobrovkina E.S.
Results of survey devoted to questions of technical and technological modernization of Orel region’s agriculture are presented in article. Use of survey allowed to reveal the main tendencies of re-equipment of technical potential of region’s agrarian sector. Authors revealed factors constraining the development of agrarian sector and basic directions for increasing of domestic producers’ competitiveness.
INCORPORATING RISK PREFERENCES OF FARMERS AND TECHNOLOGYIN ANALYSING THE TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY OF RICE FARMING IN MALANG, INDONESIA
Agustina Shinta, Budi Setiawan, Ratya Anindita, Ratya Syafrial
The purposes of this research are a) to analyse the preference of farmers against natural and technological risks and classify them based on the use of inputs and profit, b) to analyze the influence of the farmer preferences and technology on productivity and c) to measure the total factor productivity of rice farming. The data collection method using in-depth interviews of the 305 selected farmers in the seven regions in Malang Regency (Indonesia). The research uses two planting seasons: the rainy season and the first dry season. The method of measuring risk preference is the Expected Utility of Income, stochastic frontier translog productivity function modification time dimension with MLE approach and the component-based approach. The results show that a) 77.7% of the farmers have a preference to avoid risk, where a group of farmers with a preference for the use of inputs (seeds, labour and fertilizer) less than other types of preference, as well as gains revenues and profits; b) there is effect on the productivity of farmer preference though very small of 0.01 and c) the value of TFP involving preference is equal to 0.44.
ACCESS TO FORMAL CREDIT FACILITIES AMONG SMALLSCALE CROP FARMERS’ IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, ABUJA, NIGERIA
Olugbenga Omotayo Alabi, Alimi Folorunsho Lawal, Henry Onyebuchi Chiogor
This study examined access to formal credit facilities among small scale crop farmers in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria. The specific objectives of this research were to: identify the socio-economic characteristics of sampled small scale crop farmers in the study area; examine sources and accessibility of credit to the sampled small scale crop farmers in the study area, evaluate factors influencing accessibility of credit among the sampled small scale crop farmers in the study area and identify problems encountered by farmers in accessing credit. Primary data were used for the study. Systemic random sampling technique was adopted; one hundred (100) respondents were selected. The data were collected and analysed using descriptive statistics and Logit Regression Model (LRM). The study showed that eighty seven (87) percent of the sampled small scale crop farmers were male. About eighty six (86) percent of the respondents had their age range from 30-60 years. Eighty three (83) percent of the respondents were married. Furthermore, eighty one (81) percent had formal education. The study further showed that thirty one; (31) percent of farmers obtained credit facilities from banks. The result of Logit regression model showed that farm size, membership of co-operative and household distance from source of credit had significant positive influence on access to formal agricultural credit among the respondents in the study area at P<0.05; P<0.01; and P<0.01 levels respectively. Delay in approval and disbursement of credit, lack of collateral security as well as too much bank procedures and requirements constituted the major constraints in accessing formal agricultural credit among the respondents in the sample area. The study recommends that credit should be disbursed to farmers with minimum delay; formal credit institutions should be widely spread and situated in places close to farmers. Also farmers should be encouraged by relevant government agencies to seek ways of increasing their farm size and rural farmers should be encouraged to join co-operative associations as this can increase their chances of accessing formal agricultural credit facilities.
SOIL AND BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF A BIOLOGIZATION OF MODERN AGRICULTURE
Lobkov V.T., Plygun S.A., Zolotukhin A.I.
The article deals with topical issues of ensuring the stability of agricultural production based on the principles of agricultural biologization. Attention is given to resource and energy saving techniques that can improve the efficiency of agro-ecosystems and to provide a stable level of crop production. Particular attention is paid to the importance of the integrated development of agriculture, based on a reasonable combination of livestock and crop production.
BIOLOGIZATION AND RESOURCE SAVING - THE MOST IMPORTANT DIRECTIONS OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN THE STEPPE CONDITIONS
Kislov A.V., Glinushkin A.P., Kasheev A.V., Sinigovech M.E., Umnov A.M., Nesvat A.P., Lobkov V.T., Plygun S.A.
Increased sustainability of agriculture in Russia, with growing demand for food, the desire to reduce imports and save internal resources for modernization and intensification of agricultural production in many respects determines the need for development in every sector biologizing farming systems. Promising the opportunity to develop the principles of ecologically and economically sound crop rotation with an adjustable intake of organic matter in the soil. The organic matter of a certain quality, as the basis for the reproduction of soil fertility, and resource-saving technologies of cultivation of agricultural crops, taking into account the requirements of crops and agro-ecological conditions. Such approaches are possible in order to avoid soil toxicosis, the most promising and cost-effective in relation to when investing or limitations. 25 years of research show stable opportunities for cost-effective production, but also suggest the need for studies of content producers and their toxins in plant residues. Excluding these factors increase the risk of investment in long-term crop production. Mixed crops, particularly perennial crops almost 2 times more effective than planting sudan grass. Individual culture up to ten times less effective in comparison with cereals, legumes. The presence of nearly identical pathogen in these cultures and leads to a drop in their attractiveness as an accumulation of biorganic mass and not always cost-effective to use in a live target.
FORECASTING OF ONION HYBRIDS’ GROWTH ON LIGHT-CHESTNUT SOILS
Khvan O.V., Podkovyrov I.Y.
Studies of growth and yield were carried out on onion hybrids Banco F1, Hilton F1, Exacta F1, Gladstone F1, Rossa de Ference F1, Manas F1 in 2008-2015. The soil of the experimental plot humus contained 0,62-1,26%. Studies have shown that the formation of a crop of onion is deficiency mainly nitrogen and phosphorus. Examining the growth of onion at different stages of ontogenesis has shown a change in its speed even under optimal growing conditions. The growth rate is determined by the thermal regime of the beginning of growing season. In cold prolonged spring growth and slow down development somewhat. But at the beginning of summer crops is rapidly increasing vegetative mass. The original method developed of forecasting of productivity of onion presented on light-chestnut soils. The influence identified of factors aggravating the conditions for plant growth in intensive technologies. Predictive model is calculated on the basis of long-term data on education of herbal weight. They allow to prove necessity of use of means which reduce the effect of stress and to identify the efficiency of production of hybrid plants of different maturity.